Labour Market Agreements

To increase labour market participation of groups that are under-represented in Canada's labour force and to enhance the employability and skills of the labour force, the Government of Canada has entered into agreements (known as Labour Market Agreements) with provinces and territories. Through these agreements, the Government provides funding for provincial and territorial labour market programs and services for:

  • unemployed persons who are not eligible for Employment Insurance (EI) benefits; and
  • employed persons who do not have a high school diploma or recognized certification, or have low levels of literacy and essential skills.

Under these agreements, provinces and territories determine the priorities for funding and decide how the funding is allocated in order to meet the needs of their particular labour markets.

Labour market agreements are complemented by labour market development agreements, which fund labour market programs and services for unemployed Canadians, particularly those who are eligible for Employment Insurance benefits.

Agreements and Reports

Each agreement includes the province's or territory's high-level multi-year plan on its priorities and investments for the entire period of funding. Each year, the province or territory also publishes a more detailed annual plan, outlining its:

  • priorities,
  • objectives,
  • planned activities and projected expenditures for the year; and
  • reports to its citizens on the results achieved in the previous year.

In addition to the provincial and territorial reports, the Government of Canada releases a national report on Labour Market Agreement activities and results.


British Columbia


New Brunswick

Newfoundland and Labrador

Northwest Territories

Nova Scotia



Prince Edward Island